The ubiquity of science can be seen everywhere. It is a Universal subject that allow one to explore the world and discover amazing things. Science as a subject doesn’t only aim towards making you a scientist but to make your thoughts and belief’s more scientific. Science as a career option is very promising since you have multiple options to choose from. Are you someone who just passed the first milestone of your career in science or to be more precise you are a student of 12th science and planning for your career thereafter? Read this article to get insight of the most trending, demanding and high paying career options.
- Artificial Intelligence and Machine learning
AI or Artificial Intelligence and ML or Machine Learning are correlated terms in the field of computer Science. Both are the next generation technologies which are used to create intelligent things.AI is the technology that deals with making any system or machine intelligent or to be more specific to make intelligent computer program and Machine Learning is the sub-field of AI that makes system or machine understand its environment and its ability to learn from its own experience without any human interference.
For example consider your personal virtual assistance like Siri, Alexa, Google assistance which are popular example of machine learning who assist in finding information, when asked over voice or consider Uber, from estimating the time to determining how far your cab is from your given location, everything is driven by ML. And not to forget the social humanoid “Sophia”, the perfect example of AI. Starting from Social media applications like Facebook and Instagram to Netflix and Pinterest to spam filters in email intelligence, AI and ML are making our life easier and faster. And hence the field is one of the most demanding career option.
How to start:
- Pursue a relevant Undergraduate course like – B.Tech in computer science with AI as specialization and then opt for Postgraduate degree in AI and machine learning.
- Data Science
We are in the era of massive data everywhere be it in the e-commerce website you shopped from or the pictures in your Facebook account or train ticket that you booked online to medical services you searched for. And with such a huge data comes the need of Data Science. Data Science described in simplest form is the study of data-its origin, what it contains and processing it with various methodologies to obtain some valuable information. Earlier the data that we had were mostly structured and small in size, which could be analyzed by using simple tools but today most of the data is unstructured or semi-structured that’s why we need more complex and advanced analytical tools and algorithms for processing, analyzing and drawing meaningful insights out of it. Data science is a multi-displinary application field that includes information science, mathematics, statics, and computer science. Every organization rely on this to learn about their customer and make their business grow.
How to start:
Pursue a degree in computer science which can be B-Tech or B.Sc. or even BCA TO learn programming languages such as Python, Java, SQL, Mat lab and then take up certifications in Business Analytics and Intelligence, Data Analytics and Data Science.
Robots are programmable, multifunctional and automatic machine designed for replacing humans in complex and hazardous work. Robotics is a branch of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and uses electrical engineering, mechanical engineering and computer science engineering together for construction, designing and application of robots. Remember “Sophia” who is a social humanoid robot developed by Hong Kong-based Company Hanson Robotics. There are surgical robots, industrial robots, Military robots, Space robots and many.
The world is in COVID19 pandemic situation and robots have been performing extremely well for, surgery, remote surveillance, Medicine Transport, sanitizations and for UV disinfection. Robotics is the future and will be seen everywhere in the coming years. And so the demand for robotics in the coming scenario will be extremely high.
How to start:
Pursue B.Tech in Electronics or B-Tech Robotics or B-tech Mechanical Engineering or B-tech Computer Science followed by a Master’s or M.Tech Program in Robotics.
- Agriculture and Food science
Life on Earth is completely dependent on food, which in turn directly comes from our agriculture Sector. The agriculture sector is of utmost importance for a country’s economy as well. Approximately 60 percent of the Indian population works in the industry, contributing about 18 percent to India’s GDP.
With such a huge opportunity this field is becoming one of the popular career choice for students. Technology has made the work even more interesting. An agriculture and food scientist work in laboratories and office and sometimes in the field. They carry out research with soil, feed and crops to improve the productivity. One can work as an Agricultural Scientist, Agronomist, Dairy scientist, Food scientist, poultry scientist and many more.
How to start:
Pursue a bachelor’s degree in Agriculture or Horticulture or Agronomy, Dairy science, Food science or any other sub-domain of agriculture.
One can also pursue a B.Tech and M.Tech in Agricultural Engineering.
- Biomedical engineering
Ever heard about Prosthetics? Biomedical engineering has changed the life of persons with amputations and these are the artificial substitute for a body part such as a tooth, eye, a facial bone, hip, knee or the leg or an arm.Biomedical engineering by definition is the application of engineering to medicine and biology for healthcare industry.
The latest technology in medical field has increased the life span and quality of life. A biomedical engineer is involved in the designing, making, installing and repairing of biomedical equipment’s. One can work in biomedical electronics, Tissue and genetic engineering, Medical imaging, Bio nanotechnology etc. which are the sub divisions of biomedical engineering. As this field is an integral part of our life and this industry is recession proof so it bags position into the top trending and highly demanding career options.
How to start:
Pursue undergraduate degree in biomedical science or biomedical engineering or electrical and electronic engineering or Mechanical engineering followed by a master in biomedical engineering.
- Ethical Hacking and Cyber Security
Be it Google, Microsoft or NASA, biggest of the entities have witnessed extremely dangerous cyber-attacks. Recently, grocery delivery platform Big basket faced a data breach where over 2 Crore users data was stolen and there was a data breach on Pm Modi’s website narendramodi.in too.
National Cyber Security Coordinator Lt Gen (retd) Rajesh Pant said cyber-attacks have gone up manifold and every day, four lakh pieces of malware are found and 375 cyber-attacks are witnessed and hence Ethical hacking which involves hacking performed by a company or individual to help identify potential threats on a computer or network and cyber security is one of the most demanding career option.
How to start:
Pursue career in computer application or computer science or Information technology and get certification courses in Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH) or Computer Certified Security Analyst.
- Mechatronics and EVT(Electrical Vehicle Technology)
Mechatronics is an interdisciplinary area of engineering that combines mechanical engineering, electrical engineering and computer science engineering. A mechatronics engineer can opt for various fields like Automation, Robotics, instrumentation and Control system. Some of the example of mechatronics engineering are robots, automated guided vehicles and elevators.
While EVT or Electric vehicle technology focuses on electric cars. Electric cars have no emissions and make less noise so their increased use will lead to a cleaner and safer environment. With battery prices reportedly falling, electric cars are expected to be as cheap as fuel-powered cars in the future. The International Energy Agency cites that by 2020 up to 20 million electric vehicles will hit roads, a number that is expected to go up to 70 million by 2025.And so an insight knowledge will help you for a bright career.
How to start:
Pursue B-tech in Mechatronic engineering or B-Tech in Mechanical engineering, electronic engineering with speciliasation in Mechatronics and B-tech in electrical engineering with specialization in EVT followed by a master degree in the same field.
Bioinformatics as a new emerging career combines Information science, mathematics, biology and statistics to analyze and interpret the biological data. In simple words it is the application of computer technology to the management of biological data. Bioinformatics plays an important role in biomedical. There are different types of career opportunities available like Scientific Curator, Gene Analyst, Protein Analyst, Phylogenetic, Research Scientist, Data base programmer, Bioinformatics software developer, Computational biologist etc. The future scope of Bio-informatics is increasing as technology and medical science are working together for a hi-tech healthcare system. It is one of the highly paid sectors and hence secured its position in one amongst the most demanding career option
How to start:
Pursue B.Sc. or B-Tech in Bioinformatics followed by M.Sc. Or M-tech in Bioinformatics.
Go ahead and make a career choice wisely. Good Luck.